Asperger’s syndrome is a form of autism – it is a developmental disorder that manly impacts the ability to communicate and socialize. Individual’s with Asperger’s syndrome find human interaction challenging, and may interpret creative thought and use their imagination in different way from others. Asperger’s syndrome is part of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD). It is a range of related developmental disorders that affect people in many diverse ways and various degrees. However, people with Asperger’s syndrome tend to have average or above-average vocabularies and reach speech milestones at the same time as children in the general population. Asperger’s syndrome is a wide spectrum disorder. This means that not all people have the same symptoms; they vary enormously from person-to-person. Below are some of the most common signs and symptoms:
Some children with Asperger’s syndrome have become experts in a single object or topic. This often excludes any other subject. These activities usually involve collecting, numbering or listing. Some are exceptionally knowledgeable in their chosen field of interest.
Formal and/or distinct speech.
Speech may be marked by a lack of rhythm or odd intonations. It may sound very monotonous, flat or unusually fast. Routines. In an effort to lessen confusion, people with AS may have rules and rituals which they methodically maintain. They are anxious and upset if there is a disruption to their set of patterns.
Adults and children with Asperger’s syndrome are often isolated because of their poor social skills and narrow interests. They can become withdrawn and seem uninterested in other people, appearing distant or aloof.
Delay in motor skills.
Usually, children with Asperger’s syndrome have developmental delays in motor skills, such as pedalling a bike, running, catching a ball, playing ball games, or climbing. They are often clumsy and poorly coordinated.
Social skills and communication.
Sometimes, people with Asperger’s syndrome have difficulty to express themselves emotionally and socially. They find it difficult to understand and interpret gestures, facial expressions or tone of voice. They lack the basic social skills most other people take for granted. They do not easily understand jokes, humour, figures of speech and irony. They are not aware of the commonly accepted social rules such as the appropriate distance to stand next to another person or choosing proper topics of conversation.
People with this syndrome can have difficulty with social imagination. They may have trouble imagining alternative outcomes to situations. Make-believe games may seem pointless, impossible to do, or ridiculous.
In some individuals, the sensory sensitivity is distorted. People with the syndrome might have different perceptions of loud noises, bright lights, intense smells, food textures and materials.